Grains are grasses cultivated for their energy-rich fruit seeds. They can be stored year-round and constitute the basis of many countries’ traditional diets. An indispensable source of food in many developing nations, they also play an important role in the diet of developed nations.
Cereal grains are the most cultivated crops worldwide. As whole grains they are a rich source of vitamins, minerals, carbohydrates, fats, oils and protein.
North America, the European Union, Russia, Argentina, and Australia are the primary origins for wheat exports. The US, Brazil, Argentina, and the Ukraine are the primary origins for corn exports. The Middle East, Africa and Asia are the largest importers of wheat and corn.